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History of Linen



Linen dates back 8,000 years ago and was the very first fiber civilization weaved into fabric. Every culture and time period has put their own spin on the way they used it and what it meant to them. Up until the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, linen fabric was used everywhere.


Linen was widely used in primeval Egypt. Egyptian linen was coarse compared to present day linen, and it was always white; for them it was a symbol of purity, wealth and light. This is why corpses were wrapped and buried in it. The linen fabric was also used as currency!

When the Romans conquered Egypt in the 4th century, linen started being decorated with vivid and colorful dyes. During the 12th century, linen production and linen clothing became widespread across Europe. It was popular during the medieval times, specifically as the innermost layer of clothing.


When the American colonies started their settlements, they also used linen for clothing and textiles in the home. Each farm household had their own plot of flax, from which they processed it for spinning and weaving into personal items.


At the beginning of the 19th century, Napoleon wanted to improve the textile industry in France and find a way around the monopoly cotton had on fabric. He announced a challenge to create a linen spinning machine in return for a reward of money. In just two months, Philippe de Girard created such a machine. After 1810, Napoleon no longer had to deal with England for cotton fabric, because France could now create linen. They started growing their own fields, and now France produces one of the finest qualities of linen in the world, next to Belgium and Ukraine’s linen.


After new technologies were introduced during the Industrial Revolution, cotton became easier and faster to make and linen has turned into a luxury product. Many people nowadays are unaware of the beautiful, miracle textile that is linen, but we hope to change this and let more people experience it’s wonders.


True flax linen is superior to other fibers. Processing flax into linen takes 75% less natural resources than cotton. Flax linen is a natural, sustainable, product that is long lasting and actually becomes softer with each washing.


To view our natural linen bedding, follow the link.



Sources:

https://selbysoftfurnishings.com/weaving-fabric-history/looms-textiles/what-is-linen



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